January 2007

Today, the University of South Africa (UNISA) launched a new learning centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian news highlighted the features of UNISA in Addis and also aired parts of Meles Zenawi’s speech at the launch. He said: “Ethiopians must always remember and appreciate that for one Ethiopian to attend one South African has foregone the opportunity to do so.” Wish I had more clarification on that point. (Come to think of it, wish I had more clarification on most of Zenawi’s points.)

Here’s the article from UNISA online:

UNISA will launch a new regional Learning Centre in Ethiopia, a first of its kind outside the borders of South Africa.

The event will be held in the capital city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, on 28 January 2007. The Centre will be officially opened by His Excellency, Mr Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The President of the Republic of South Africa, Mr Thabo Mbeki, will deliver a keynote speech at the event.

The Learning Centre will serve as a registration point and will offer academic support services such as career guidance, orientation skills development and tutorial classes.

The establishment of the Learning Centre was a culmination of the Memorandum of Agreement signed by UNISA and the Government of Ethiopia in August 2006 for the establishment of a learning centre in Addis Ababa.

As part of the agreement, UNISA will also offer in-service training for the Ethiopian government officials, civil servants, staff of international organisations and non-governmental organisations. The focus of UNISA’s programmes will mainly be on postgraduate qualifications.

The Centre will eventually be the hub for all of UNISA’s programmes in the Horn of Africa and in the Eastern Africa regions. The establishment of this Learning Centre in Ethiopia is part of the University’s vision of becoming Africa’s premier education provider that serves the continent by responding to the needs of the communities.

UNISA is currently involved in a major project of capacity building for the government of Southern Sudan. The Centre might be used for future training for the people of Southern Sudan, neighbouring state of Ethiopia.

With a population of 77 million people, Ethiopia is the second most populated sub-Saharan African country and is the political headquarters of Africa as it hosts head offices of the African Union and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

The telephone numbers for the UNISA Learning Centre in Addis Ababa are: 00-251-11-435 0078 or 00-251-11-435 0079 or 00-251-11-435 0080 (direct line for the Regional Director: Prof. Ramose).



You might hate him, you might love him. You might be clear or confused. You might recognize him, you might not. You might care or not care. But in any case, all you can really say is: what a leader.

Imagine you had the opportunity to go on internationally broadcasted news and say what you want to say about Western hypocrisy? About crippling aid dependence. About self-reliance for domestic and sustainable food security? About U.S. intervention. Isaias Afewerki, Eritrea’s PFDJ strongman is saying and doing things his way. And he’s speaking for more Africans than you think. He doesn’t do sugar-coated diplomacy. He says with a Devil May Care attitude what’s on most people’s minds regarding the problems of today’s Africa. Tonight I watched an interview on Al-Jazeera – Andrew Simmons and Isaias Afewerki. It was the ultimate encounter! The family room, filled with guests, hushed. People came in, we nodded our heads in acknowledgement and shushhed them, lest we miss a nanosecond of this interaction. It was filled with both silent and spoken resistance from either side, interviewer and interviewee. The phone rang and we silenced the ringer. We were entranced. Some people clapped after a few key phrases the President likes to repeat such as Leave Us Alone. The body language during the interview made it all the more intense: stiff necks, defensive posture, sturdy gazes, dismissive gestures. For many of us, it was the first time in a very long time (especially since EriTV left us…) that we could hear straight from the horse’s mouth. Isaias Afewerki is talking. Finally.

So what did he say? Here’s a portion from Al-Jazeera.

He is an anti-interventionist in Sudan. An anti-interventionist in Somalia. A supporter of Sudanese faction groups looking for a way toward a more united Sudan. A proponent of AU objectives for peacekeeping missions. (He repeated, for what? what would be the purpose?) An advocate, in a very unpretentious way, of regional cooperation for peacebuilding and economic development. (He noted that the absence of a regional organization for peacekeeping does not justify external intervention.)

He’s strong and brilliant – unphased by Western perceptions of Eritrea. The question Eritreans are trying to ask themselves now is – too strong, too brilliant? What is the real cost of this style of leadership? I think what Afewerki is saying is let’s change our attitude about costs. Let’s determine our own costs without looking at the outside and letting the famous acronyms (UN, WB, IMF, ILO, WTO…) do the math for us as Eritreans, as Africans. The only response to Afewerki, like he himself said during the interview about Ethiopians supposedly getting out of Somalia is: time will tell. So shall history take its course.

It’s back to the drawing board for Afewerki regarding the long road to the intangible oasis called “development”. (The chalk is a special import from Cuba, Singapore, North Korea, China?) Read this article for more information on China-Eritrea relations.

A critic can ask: What pre-integrated/pre-globalized/pre-human rights world might he be living in? And the horse will surely respond: Eritrea.

How it all started, this two-hour fascination with creative marriage proposals, was with an email sent by my friend.

She was telling us to vote for Essence Magazine’s video wedding proposals contest. The lucky couple wins a free honeymoon to South Africa. So please do vote if you can.

Then I was looking at music videos on YouTube and happened to come across this creative video.

What a great couple! View the invitation below. Isn’t this the most romantic digital-age proposal? Where are all of the geeky princes hiding?

 Aren’t they beautiful? *Sigh…*

I just read a great blog post by Isis called Rejecting My Virginity. I think every woman should read it. I especially think women coming from African/Arab and for lack of a better term conservative families and cultures should read it. Virginity is what makes or breaks a woman’s honour in so many societies. I’m not endorsing or criticizing this because it’s just the way it is.

And this is what makes me ask if we are all “post-conservative” in a sense. Things being the way they are means that we are ultimately aware of the way things are. No matter how moral, principled, religious, etc. a person thinks they are (of course this is only for God to judge) we can no longer pretend not to know about the various forms and abuses of and traditions and taboos related to sexuality in so-called conservative cultures. First of all, we do know– from our own experiences and anecdotes from our friends and family. So no use pretending. Secondly, illiteracy would probably be the strongest excuse for not knowing and most of us here in the West are literate. So we can talk about sex and culture without cringing. Although I’m known to cringe, probably because this was never brought up in my home and my parents are pretty high on the conservative factor. And thirdly, in the age of HIV/AIDS and STDs, why would we want to pretend we don’t know? People are having sex. Some are having very unsafe sex and others think they are having safe sex in order to maintain their virgin status but are not having safe sex at all and in fact are putting themselves at risk for future health problems.

I was proud to see this blogger write so in-depth and unflinchingly about the issue. It takes courage to describe this perspective. You can see from the post how political information really is. It’s all about power. Even describing sexuality is dangerous. It makes us question who we really are – as individuals and as cultures.

Thanks for this post Isis, you did a great job.

I’ve been meaning to designate an afroRise! Person of the Year for 2006.

I think I will dedicate to all Africans conscious of the digital divide and raising awareness about the potentially democratizing effect of the internet. So, my Persons of the Year are African Bloggers. You’re the bomb.

I realize that TIME Magazine and I are on the same page. We took the easy way out by acknowledging everybody and nobody at once. I’m just making the Time Magazine awards more particular: African netizens. Because there’s so much more for us to do!

Here’s the TIME article, which is now a month old. Here’s a snippet if you don’t want to read the whole thing:

NEW YORK (AP) – Congratulations! You are the Time magazine “Person of the Year.”

The annual honor for 2006 went to each and every one of us, as Time cited the shift from institutions to individuals – citizens of the new digital democracy, as the magazine put it. The winners this year were anyone using or creating content on the World Wide Web.

“If you choose an individual, you have to justify how that person affected millions of people,” said Richard Stengel, who took over as Time’s managing editor earlier this year. “But if you choose millions of people, you don’t have to justify it to anyone.”

Good one. At least by isolating African bloggers I’m choosing hundreds, maybe thousands. (I don’t know, is there a count?)

I think African Studies in all (not just Western) universities need revitalization – Big Time!

I have been saying this since my second year of undergrad but the powers that be aren’t listening to me! And I’m not the only one ranting. Some of my friends in undergraduate and graduate studies are saying the same thing. They have approached the Big Bureaus in their universities and have gotten petitions signed (University of Toronto, University of British Columbia) but there is little update, or the procedure is so bogged in bureaucracy that by the time the student advocates are done thier undergraduate career, the newbies are unacquainted or there is little follow-up, etc. so that administration doesn’t have to deal with the issue anymore:

We need more! More studies on Africa, More relevant courses, More professors, More & deeper topics, More language courses (some are now teaching Swahili and apparently by next academic term, Somali will be taught at New College, U of T – if anyone knows where other language courses are being taught, please inform), More Study Groups, More Analysis…More More More.

There’s good reason for the revitalization (and in some cases, introduction) of African Studies in Universities. Mostly my concern is that “African studies” gets put into the category of “Area Studies” and does not get the inter- and multi-disciplinary rigour it deserves. Although some courses may include topics/articles/materials regarding the continent, it’s just not enough.

I once asked my undergraduate professor and thesis supervisor, Dr. Nibaldo Galleguillos, about why they had no African courses at McMaster University and why there is very little content regarding Africa in the courses and why there is only one course (his) on Latin America, and do you know what he said to me, “Priorities, Helen.”

Here’s to a shift in priorities: Africa is the largest refugee producing continent in the world. Millions of aid dollars, much poorly spent, go to the continent. Governance is lacking. Institutional capacity, lacking. Development agenda by corporate investors and private funders is high priority. Unemployment, in too many countries, is high. HIV/AIDS, you all know the statistics. I find that HIV/AIDS is the only area of studies in health that gives the continent a lot of attention here in the West. But that’s only my perception of course.

There was also a time when a Congolese woman had a severe case of malaria, coming back from Congo after a visit, and the media jumped on it thinking that it was the first case of Ebola in North America. They even published her name in the Washington Post. But nobody talked to the closest Congolese doctor who would have informed the media that Ebola wipes out villages and is spread through human contact, as also noted after the story broke on BBC News.

So as you can see there are real ramifications for not studying a whole continent thoroughly when the world is just getting smaller and smaller. We can describe globalization all we want but there are real life situations that prove over and over that we don’t know as much about each other as we think we do.

Here’s a list of keywords describing what I would like to see more of, and what I think needs more multidisciplinary attention. There’s so much going on in our world that people in universities are not thinking about. We need to stop keeping controversy out of the classrooms!

– African refugees, Western citizenship rights (think burning cars in France 2004, think German citizenship changes in 2004 when German born immigrants were finally granted citizenship)

-Civil Society in Africa. Why not talk about this in undergraduate political science classrooms?

-Integrated health. Traditional healing practices that are widespread and effective. How can these affect our understanding of health care in the West? How can Western technologically based health-care affect practices in Africa? Study the effects of professional transfer programs (i.e. Medicins Sans Frontiers, Sisters of St. Joseph’s are involved in Haiti and Uganda med-student transfer programs). I wrote an article interviewing two doctors who developed the program on www.afrorise.moonfruit.com. I forget the issue # but I think it was January 2004. Will double check.

-African bio-diversity, ecological systems affected by pollution, resource misallocation and political problems.

-Higher Education in Africa. Underfunded, understudied. But there is definately a resurgence in funding from the corporates, so why don’t we track this and see what will happen to those entering post-secondary university on the continent?

-We talk a lot about Brain Drain but rarely do we study it in schools. The World Bank released a 300 page study, how about reading some of that in Economics and Social Studies. Why do a Master’s degree before getting in-depth?

I’ll add more to this list as I get more and more frustrated. 🙂

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